Protecting Your Ears: Preventing and Treating Swimmer’s Ear


Smiling Multi-Generation Family Relaxing In Swimming Pool on a float.

For a certain generation, the fear of sharks in open water, especially the formidable Great White immortalized in movies like “Jaws,” remains palpable. If you grew up watching such films, swimming might not have been your preferred pastime. While encounters with giant sharks are rare, there are other, more common dangers lurking in natural bodies of water.

One such complaint is the prevalence of swimmer’s ear, a condition that, while usually not leading to permanent damage, can cause intense pain and discomfort due to swelling in the ear canal. Swimmer’s ear is both widespread and preventable with proper awareness and precautions.

What is swimmer’s ear?

Swimmer’s ear, scientifically referred to as otitis externa, is an infection that affects the outer ear canal. It commonly happens when water containing bacteria remains trapped in the ear after swimming in lakes or other natural water sources. The warm, moist environment of the ear canal provides an ideal breeding ground for bacteria, leading to rapid growth and infection. 

Symptoms often include itching, swelling, and pain in the ear canal, which can temporarily impair hearing as the canal narrows.

Managing symptoms of swimmer’s ear

If you experience symptoms such as itching or discomfort in your ears after swimming, refrain from inserting objects like cotton swabs into the ear canal. This can exacerbate the irritation and potentially cause further damage. Instead, seek medical attention promptly to receive appropriate treatment and ensure the infection is addressed effectively.

How is swimmer’s ear treated?

Fortunately, swimmer’s ear is treatable, primarily through antibiotics prescribed to combat the bacterial infection. Early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing the escalation of symptoms, such as hearing loss.

When to see an ENT specialist

If you experience recurrent episodes of swimmer’s ear despite taking preventive measures, or if you have underlying ear conditions such as ear canal abnormalities or a history of ear surgeries, consulting with an ENT specialist is recommended. ENT specialists, or otolaryngologists, have specialized training in diagnosing and treating conditions affecting the ears, nose, and throat. They can provide personalized guidance on managing swimmer’s ear and offer tailored treatment plans to address your specific needs.

During your consultation with an ENT specialist, you can expect a thorough evaluation of your ear health history, a comprehensive examination of the ear canal and tympanic membrane (eardrum), and possibly diagnostic tests such as ear swabs to further assess the extent of the infection or any underlying issues.

Based on their findings, ENT specialists may recommend additional preventive measures, prescribe specific antibiotics or ear drops tailored to the type of bacteria causing the infection, or suggest lifestyle adjustments to reduce your risk of recurrent swimmer’s ear. They can also address any concerns you may have regarding long-term ear health or potential complications associated with untreated infections.

How to prevent swimmer’s ear in the summer

To minimize the risk of developing swimmer’s ear, consider the following preventive measures:

  • Keep Your Ears Dry: After swimming, ensure your ears are thoroughly dried. Techniques such as tilting your head to allow water to drain, using a clean towel, or gently drying with a hair dryer on a low setting can help eliminate excess moisture, discouraging bacterial growth.
  • Use Earplugs: Custom-fit earplugs designed to be waterproof are effective in preventing water from entering the ear canal during swimming. They create a barrier that significantly reduces the likelihood of bacterial infection.
  • Apply Ear Drops: Specialized ear drops formulated to dry out excess moisture in the ears can be applied post-swim. These over-the-counter drops help maintain ear hygiene by preventing the buildup of water and reducing the risk of infection.
  • Avoid Swimming in Polluted Waters: Avoid swimming in lakes or ponds with known pollution issues, as these can harbor higher levels of harmful bacteria.
  • Limiting Earphone Use: Reduce the use of earphones or headphones, especially in humid or sweaty conditions, as they can contribute to moisture buildup in the ears.
  • Hygiene Practices: Practice good hygiene, including regular washing of ear canals with mild soap and water, to maintain cleanliness and reduce the likelihood of infections.

Enjoying summer safely

Ultimately, enjoying summer activities, including swimming and water sports, can be done safely by being proactive about ear health. With proper care and awareness, you can minimize the risk of swimmer’s ear and maximize your enjoyment of outdoor activities.

Find an ENT specialist near you if you or your child is experiencing recurring episodes of swimmer’s ear.

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